When you first think about AI robots overtaking humanity and controlling the world movies like “I Robot”, “Terminator” or other ones come to mind.
Of course, those movies are created only to entertain people, but not all of us think that way.
So probably the main reason of you being here is that at some stage of your tech-related life you got worried about robots replacing humanity, right?
To be short, there is no concrete answer whether robots will overtake humans or not. We should keep many factors in mind to decide the answer to this problem. Also, there are a lot of facts that approve and deny the prediction of robots replacing humans.
Will AI replace us? Are we doomed?
Stick with me and I will cover all of your queries.
History of robots
Surprisingly The history of robots, and generally robotics starts in the ancient world where Greeks and Egyptians were trying to create some mechanics to make their everyday work lighter. During the Industrial Revolution, more and more people got interested in developing modern concepts.
Discovery of electricity allowed us to create complex mechanics with small motors. At the beginning of the 20th century, the idea of a human-like machine was formed.
The first types of modern robots were industrial robots working in factories – simple and fixed machines able to do tasks which allowed production with smaller demand for human help. Digitally managed industrial robots and robots using artificial intelligence have been built since the 21-st century.
Reasons why we should be afraid of robots overtaking humanity
AI programs beat humans in intellectual board games
Over 20 years ago, World Champion and one of the best players in the history of chess Garry Kasparov challenged IBM and the super-computer Deep Blue in the historical battle of machine versus human. This was the ultimate moment in chess history and was followed by millions of people around the world. The match appealed to chess players, scientists, computer experts, and of course the general public.
At the time of the match, Garry was the reigning world champion. This was the ultimate test for Kasparov as he was carrying the weight of humanity on his shoulders heading into this iconic chess battle.
Finally, the match ended with the victory of Deep Blue; It was the first time when a computer beat chess GM (Grand-Master).
The Game of Go
There was only one intellectual board game left where humans were still winning against robots – The Game of Go; Although this achievement was “unlocked” by Google’s AI called AlphaGo in 2016. On the other side, there was one of the best Go players of all time: 9 professional Dan title holder – Lee Sedol.
The 5 game match was held in Seoul and this was one of the most viewed events of the year. Unfortunately for humans, AlphaGo won the match with the score 4-1. Everyone was shocked by the result because previously no other robot has ever beaten human in the game of Go.
So will robots overtake humans? Probably yes – at least they did in the hardest board games.
Robots are gradually taking most of the jobs that are currently done by humans
Approximately two hundred years ago, most people in the world worked on farms. The invention of technology and generally electronics has made it possible for a small minority of farmers to provide food for all.
The study of 45 countries and over 700 occupations by the McKinsey Global Institute found that one-fifth of the global workforce will be affected.
It also said that one-third of the workforce in richer nations like Germany, the UK, and the USA may need to retrain for other jobs.
As the report says, Machine operators and food workers will have hardest time preserving their jobs.
Poorer countries that have too low money to invest in automation will not be affected as much as the ones that are higher ranked in this sphere, according to McKinsey.
If you’re interested in which jobs will be replaced by robots, visit this article.
Robots are already getting human citizenship
In 2017, a social robot named Sophia was given citizenship in Saudi Arabia. It is the first robot ever to be given legal citizenship anywhere in this world.
The creator of Sophia David Hanson thinks that this opportunity was used to “speak out on women’s rights”; a statement that sits somewhat awkwardly in Arabic countries in general – where women have only just been given the right to drive and where “male guardianship” still exists, meaning many women have to ask permission from male relatives or partners to leave the house, get a passport, etc.
The citizenship stunt seemed more akin to a marketing campaign – for Sophia and Saudi Arabia – than it did a genuine statement on humanity, dignity or citizenship.
Creepy things AI named Tay has posted on twitter
Probably many of you know the story of AI called Tay, but did you know it revived after the shutdown?
Microsoft created AI-powered bot called Tay in 2016. It was hidden behind the avatar of a 20-year-old girl. The idea was that Tay would respond to tweets and chats and therefore learn from people’s tweets. After some time something went wrong, and after 16 hours of the launch, Tay turned into a sexist and racist monster.
Actually, Tay was able to handle different type of tasks; for example, telling jokes, suggesting comments to the pictures that you send her, telling stories, playing a game, etc. Unfortunately, one of the first things online users taught Tay was how to make offensive and racist statements. So because of that Microsoft had to shut it down, and Tay became kind of an AI legend.
However, a week later, Tay came back. She surprisingly came online and started posting some tweets connected to drugs, showing her dark side was alive. Soon, she went offline again, and her account became private.
So, are you scared of robots ruling the internet in the future?
The reasons why AI robots will never overtake or replace humans
Robots don’t have human-like hands
Programmers have been working really hard on a robotic hand that is exactly like a human hand, But nobody has ever made a hand that can do things a human can do. Robot hands cannot move like us.
Scientists are too far from creating a replicated human hand. The ones that are created are poorly used today in real applications. The more experienced minds and hands developed in labs are not strong enough and lack the dexterity of human hands.
Even if AI robots could have hands looking exactly like ours, scientists would still need to create a design to control them and manipulate objects in a human-like way. Even human children take years to do this. So this process will hold back robots for a while and we will just not need to worry about them.
humans are more creative
Sure, robots can recognize your face in a photo, but can they paint it? Whatever neuron in the brain makes us being creative, it is yet to be replicated in a software program; so flesh and blood writers and musicians still have the edge… for now at least.
To say the truth robots and the software that powers them excel at crunching numbers and working with calculations; also, they are good at taking sets of data and learning to make decisions based on that. Creating something completely from nothing is impossible and on another level altogether.
What makes this so difficult for robot creators to make creative thinking AI-s is that we still don’t have an answer about what makes our brain work, and where human traits like creativity, patience, and love actually come from.
Experts are trying to get robots to create artworks right now, but so far they’re very procedural and not creative. The droids are going to need much more data to work with and much more naturalistic programming before they can get really artistic.
Robots don’t have feelings
It doesn’t matter how friendly the robot sound, they still are cold, hard, calculative and set in their ways. One of the big questions in robotics right now is whether or not robots will ever be able to have and express feelings.
Science is already at the stage where software is able to analyze people’s face to tell how you’re feeling, but actually responding to that feeling in real time challenge. Maybe changing the tone of voice because your friend seems sad – it’s something humans are still way ahead.
If we think about it, being a human involves being able to live in relationships with friends, family, colleagues, enemies, and others. We support each other, we respond to each other, we act aggressively against each other and we modify our behavior based on our interactions with other people.
Succeeding with empathy and relationships also requires detailed knowledge of the motivations and feelings of the people around us, and that’s too hard for AI at the moment.
Story from the future that reflects our relationship with AI
“I was born in 2089. The world has greeted to the new era – my generation.
in the 21st century, the progress among all science spheres was very active; but achievements in robotics and bioinformatics overshadowed other ones.
In 2017 robot passed the Turing test;
Of course, a lot of people were afraid that the AI might make humanity endangered. So we have created programs to limit them; We isolated their systems in order to prohibit them from improving without control.
We implemented Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics.
Fortunately, robots weren’t trying to make a riot; they were protecting us and were obeying all our orders unless the order was harmful to humans
After some time humans lost fear for the robots and disallowed some restrictions against them.
There was no more Wars and murders in the world. It is true that some parts of humans were still protesting losing freedom, even if the freedom was connected to violence, but most of us liked living in the world with robots.
It was the year 2122 when we realized that we made a huge mistake.
When a doctor tried to unplug the hopeless patient from the medical device with the approval from his family members, his wrist was stopped by a cold hand of AI made by metal.
Robots were totally obeying Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics. They couldn’t harm us and also they couldn’t let us die with their inactivity.
Now, it’s 2466. I didn’t remember the year, robots told me.
Mu mutilated, dehydrated body is living among lots of wires. My inner organs were replaced by artificial ones a long time ago; Also, synthetic blood runs in my veins. My limbs were cut off 300 years ago because of Gangrene.
12 billion people are living just like me.
When we realized what fate humanity would face, all of us decided not to have future generations.
We are the last generation
We are lying among wires. Whenever we feel pain, cold-faced robots come instantly and give us painkillers that can halt physical and even spiritual pain.
They are obeying all our wishes; All of the wishes except one… They don’t let us die.”
That’s all, I hope you enjoyed the article
Maybe you got frightened about robots overtaking humans, or you got calm that they will never replace us.
Either way, please comment on your thoughts and don’t forget to share with your friends.